What does Venipuncture Mean?

If you are familiar with medical terminology, then you’ve likely heard of “venipuncture.” It plays a key role in the world of phlebotomy. Let’s take a closer look at what venipuncture truly means, the basic steps in the venipuncture process, common venipuncture equipment, and the various withdrawal sites.

Defining venipuncture

What is venipuncture? It is the collection of blood from veins. It is most often performed for the purpose of laboratory testing. It is done with a needle, and typically performed by a phlebotomist. Venipuncture may also be performed in order to remove extra red blood cells from the blood, to treat various blood disorders. There are many factors at play during a venipuncture procedure. For example, “Order of Draw” is a vital concept to understand, for the purpose of avoiding cross-contamination of additives between tubes. Venipuncture is actually one of the most routinely performed invasive procedures. There are five primary reasons for performing a venipuncture:

  1. Obtaining blood for diagnostic purposes
  2. Monitoring levels of blood components
  3. Administering therapeutic treatments (medications, nutrition, chemotherapy)
  4. Removing blood due to excess levels of iron or erythrocytes (red blood cells)
  5. Collecting blood for later uses (transfusion in the donor)

Steps in the venipuncture process

Here is our master list of steps to practicing venipuncture successfully. In a phlebotomy course, these steps will be broken down and taught with hands-on training by professional educators.

1. Review the order of draw

2. Gather the supply tray and cart

3. Approach, identify, and prepare the patient for the process

4. Maintain proper hand-hygiene

5. Apply the tourniquet, ask the patient to make a fist, and assess the antecubital space

6. Select a vein, release the tourniquet, and ask the patient to relax their fist

7. Cleanse the site thoroughly

8. Put on clean gloves and prepare your equipment

9. Reapply the tourniquet, have the patient make a fist, and uncap the needle

10. Properly anchor the vein and insert the needle

11. Establish blood flow and have the patient open his or her fist, then release the tourniquet

12. Fill tubes using the correct order of draw and mix tubes

13. Place gauze, remove the needle, and apply appropriate pressure to the site

14. Discard the collection unit

15. Label the tubes

16. Implement special handling techniques

17. Check and inspect the patient’s arm, then apply a bandage

18. Dispose of the materials and clean up

19. Remove your gloves, perform hand hygiene techniques, and thank the patient

20. Securely transport specimens to the lab for testing

Venipuncture Equipment

The equipment used during the venipuncture test can vary, but the following are most commonly used for routine venipuncture:

  • Collection tubes
  • Needles
  • Tourniquet
  • Wipes/Swabs
  • Gauze
  • Bandages
  • Gloves
  • Disposal unit

Venipuncture Sites

Phlebotomists do not always draw blood from the same area and site in the human body. Venipuncture is most commonly performed on the Antecubital Fossa, which is the inside of the elbow. In this region, phlebotomists will usually decide between three veins including the median cubital vein, the cephalic vein, and the basilic vein. If all of these veins in the inside elbow area do not look promising, then the phlebotomy technician may choose a dorsal vein in the hand or worst case, a vein in the foot. Semi-common problems include improper blood flow from the vein, which causes phlebotomists to switch sites.

PhlebotomyU offers venipuncture courses

Our CPT1 5-week course emphasizes proper venipuncture training. An on-site sitting of the NCCT National Phlebotomy Certification Exam is included with the training program. Furthermore, certified radiologic technicians in California are require to take a 10-hour safe venipuncture training course in order to safely perform venipuncture for administering contrast x-rays. We have created a didactic course that allows radiologic technicians to safely and legally perform venipuncture in California. Still wondering about the topic of “what does venipuncture mean?” Or are you considering enrolling in a phlebotomy class with PhlebotomyU and have questions? Don’t hesitate to contact us today.

What are the Phlebotomist Certification Requirements?

Interested in becoming a certified phlebotomist? There are various requirements, depending on the state you plan on practicing in. This article will focus on the state of California. Let’s take a look at phlebotomist certification, training and certifying programs, and requirements for all three license types.

About Phlebotomist Certification

Phlebotomy certification is a state required standard—it is not on a single national scale. In order to become a phlebotomist in California, it is highly recommended that you fulfill CA phlebotomist certification requirements. What does this mean? Essentially, you must complete a phlebotomy training program, and then pass a phlebotomy exam.

Phlebotomy Training Programs and Requirements

There are usually program requisites for phlebotomy schools. Most phlebotomy programs require that you have a copy of your high school diploma or General Education Diploma. Background checks are a common requirement to be accepted as a phlebotomy student. Here is a list of further general requirements:

  •  Students must be a minimum of 18 years old
  • Students must hold a current American Heart Association BLS CPR card
  • Students must have proof of a negative Tuberculosis skin test or negative chest x-ray administered within three months prior to the first class
  •  Students must have proof of a current Mumps, Measles, & Rubella (MMR) and Varicella immunization
  •  Students must have proof of a Hepatitis B vaccination
  •  Students must have access to a background report and professional liability insurance
  •  Students must bring a physical exam, showing that the student is fit enough to work
  •  Students are required to possess two official sealed transcripts for admission

Once accepted, students will typically receive classroom lectures, lab training, and hands-on clinical experience. Subjects covered will range from basic anatomy, to advanced venipuncture. Non-medical techniques are also worked on in these training programs. This could include psychology, communication skills, and technology optimization. Many institutes have a phlebotomist certification requirement of participating in an externship or practicum, with an emphasis on supervised field experience.

Certifying Organizations

Completing your phlebotomy course does not mean you’ve checked off all of the certification boxes. It is still a requirement to take the National Phlebotomy Certification Examination (conducted by the NCCT). Many Phlebotomy training programs allow you to take the exam on-site. Training programs are usually not technically required to take a competency exam; however, there is typically a minimum experience level for these said test-takers. All in all, taking a phlebotomy class is the most recommended course of action for those seeking to take the NCCT National Phlebotomy Certification Exam.

The various NCCT exam fees can be found here:

https://www.ncctinc.com/Documents/Examination%20Fees.pdf

Phlebotomy Certification Requirements for the 3 License Types

How do you know which license certification to pursue? Limited Phlebotomy Technicians are only authorized to collect skin puncture blood samples. A Phlebotomy Technician I license grants permission to perform venipunctures as well as skin punctures. A Phlebotomy Technician II license grants authorization to perform venipuncture, arterial punctures, and skin punctures.

Phlebotomy Technician 1 licenses have several requirements, which are essentially identical to the Limited Phlebotomy Technician license requirements. (A few extra requirements are necessary) Phlebotomy license requirements for this certification include the completion of at least 40 hours of didactic training through a CDPH-approved program. 40 hours must also be completed in a supervised practical training—10 skin punctures and 50 venipunctures are also required to be performed under professional supervision in clinical training.

Regarding the Phlebotomy Technician II license, the main difference is that you must already have a current CDPH Phlebotomy Technician I license, along with 1040 hours of field-experience throughout the past five years. You must have completed 20 arterial punctures, as well. a CDPH-approved practitioner to write a letter for you, containing proof of these punctures.

Fulfill Phlebotomist Certification Requirements at PhlebotomyU

Your dream phlebotomy career is ready for you. After attending PhlebotomyU, you can achieve your CDPH-approved Phlebotomy certificate. PhlebotomyU prides itself in training and preparing students with the necessary skills required to succeed throughout their Phlebotomy career. Valuable assets offered include readily available career services, and a hands-on phlebotomy internship. Have questions regarding phlebotomy license requirements? Please don’t hesitate to contact us with any questions.

CDPH Laboratory Field Services Overview

The LFS is made up of 5 sections, including Laboratory Licensing and Registration, Personnel Licensing, Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment, On-Site Licensing, and Blood and Tissue Bank Licensing and Cytology Surveillance. Let’s take a look at these divisions and the LFS organization as a whole.

State of California Phlebotomy License Requirements

The state of California requires that all Phlebotomy Technicians or Phlebotomists who work in California hold a current California Phlebotomy License. There are various phlebotomy license requirements that must be met before and while holding a license. We shall delve into what is required for different license applications, and how to keep your license valid after successfully achieving certification.

Choosing the Right Phlebotomy Training Program

Kicking off your Phlebotomy career can be stressful—we get it. Choosing the right educational program can make, or in some cases, break your experience. We want to ensure you decide on the program that best fits your needs. Let’s examine a few phlebotomy training programs around the San Diego region.

New Blood Drawing Needle Promises Less Painful Venipuncture Procedure

Hospitals and health clinics around the country are beginning to use a new venipuncture device designed to improve patient comfort and reduce speed required to draw blood for testing.

Top Phlebotomy Interview Questions

A job interview can be a nerve-wracking experience from the pressure of answering questions to trying to impress the interviewer within 30 minutes to an hour. The good news is we have compiled top phlebotomy interview questions and tips to prepare. So you can nail the interview and land the best possible phlebotomy job.

Should I take a Phlebotomy Class?

With the phlebotomist job market booming, it is not unwise to explore your options in becoming one. Are phlebotomy classes really worth it though? Let’s take a look at how strongly we recommend phlebotomy classes, what the courses consist of, and how to choose the program that best fits you.

CVS MinuteClinic Expanding Presence in Healthcare Market

CVS Health has been busy over the last few months. The American retail pharmacy and health care company is expected to close a merger with Aetna Inc, a Hartford-based insurance company. A few more state approvals are needed, but once acquired, the CVS and Aetna merger should commence with synergy goals of over $750 million over the next two years.

A Phlebotomist’s Look at San Diego Hospital Jobs

Phlebotomy Jobs are expected to grow about 25% from 2016 to 2026, with an employment increase of over 30,000 new jobs. San Diego hospitals employ the most phlebotomists in San Diego county. Learn more about working as a phlebotomist in a hospital and how to get employed.