Only three US states require licensing. The others require specific qualifications and education experience. The four states that require licensing include California, Louisiana, and Nevada.
Louisiana requires several components to its phlebotomy certification application. These components include a notarized oath or affirmation, a third party authorization (authorization for Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners to gather information about the applicant), a photograph taken within the last 6 months (passport quality), and a background check. Additional components include a birth certificate or valid visa, verification of other health care certifications and licenses, and an online education course and quiz.
Nevada recognizes phlebotomists as “lab assistants” and must complete lab certification training. In contrast to California work experience requirements, Nevada does permit work in a blood bank to count as clinical experience.
When considering a move across state lines, one should investigate phlebotomy requirements by state. If a phlebotomist certified and licensed in California wants to move to New York, they will not find many restrictions. New York does not require phlebotomists to be licensed.
This is similar to phlebotomy requirements in Florida. Florida requires applicants to be at least eighteen years old in good health with either a high school diploma or GED. Although certification is not required, it is highly recommended. You can acquire national certification through an approved examination.
If moving to Washington, phlebotomists require a bit more in order to receive licensure. To become a phlebotomist in Washington, applicants must have a high school diploma or GED, have received formal training at a post-secondary program at an accredited institution (or through an apprenticeship with a licensed healthcare practitioner) or through the military. The applicant must also complete a minimum of seven AIDS training hours and provide a list of all states in which one has applied for a phlebotomy credential (whether it was received or not). Applicants for licensure in Washington must also provide specific statements verifying sound physical health, mental health, no history of substance abuse, no history of felony convictions, and no history of disciplinary actions or loss of credentialing. Any statements made in the positive for any of these will require explanations.
In Texas, phlebotomists must provide documentation of a high school diploma or GED, pass a typing test with a speed of more than 25wpm, and demonstrate proficiency with computers and Microsoft Office programs.
In the Washington, D.C., phlebotomists must be certified. No phlebotomist will be hired without showing certification.