What does Venipuncture Mean?

If you are familiar with medical terminology, then you’ve likely heard of “venipuncture.” It plays a key role in the world of phlebotomy. Let’s take a closer look at what venipuncture truly means, the basic steps in the venipuncture process, common venipuncture equipment, and the various withdrawal sites.

Defining venipuncture

What is venipuncture? It is the collection of blood from veins. It is most often performed for the purpose of laboratory testing. It is done with a needle, and typically performed by a phlebotomist. Venipuncture may also be performed in order to remove extra red blood cells from the blood, to treat various blood disorders. There are many factors at play during a venipuncture procedure. For example, “Order of Draw” is a vital concept to understand, for the purpose of avoiding cross-contamination of additives between tubes. Venipuncture is actually one of the most routinely performed invasive procedures. There are five primary reasons for performing a venipuncture:

  1. Obtaining blood for diagnostic purposes
  2. Monitoring levels of blood components
  3. Administering therapeutic treatments (medications, nutrition, chemotherapy)
  4. Removing blood due to excess levels of iron or erythrocytes (red blood cells)
  5. Collecting blood for later uses (transfusion in the donor)

Steps in the venipuncture process

Here is our master list of steps to practicing venipuncture successfully. In a phlebotomy course, these steps will be broken down and taught with hands-on training by professional educators.

1. Review the order of draw

2. Gather the supply tray and cart

3. Approach, identify, and prepare the patient for the process

4. Maintain proper hand-hygiene

5. Apply the tourniquet, ask the patient to make a fist, and assess the antecubital space

6. Select a vein, release the tourniquet, and ask the patient to relax their fist

7. Cleanse the site thoroughly

8. Put on clean gloves and prepare your equipment

9. Reapply the tourniquet, have the patient make a fist, and uncap the needle

10. Properly anchor the vein and insert the needle

11. Establish blood flow and have the patient open his or her fist, then release the tourniquet

12. Fill tubes using the correct order of draw and mix tubes

13. Place gauze, remove the needle, and apply appropriate pressure to the site

14. Discard the collection unit

15. Label the tubes

16. Implement special handling techniques

17. Check and inspect the patient’s arm, then apply a bandage

18. Dispose of the materials and clean up

19. Remove your gloves, perform hand hygiene techniques, and thank the patient

20. Securely transport specimens to the lab for testing

Venipuncture Equipment

The equipment used during the venipuncture test can vary, but the following are most commonly used for routine venipuncture:

  • Collection tubes
  • Needles
  • Tourniquet
  • Wipes/Swabs
  • Gauze
  • Bandages
  • Gloves
  • Disposal unit

Venipuncture Sites

Phlebotomists do not always draw blood from the same area and site in the human body. Venipuncture is most commonly performed on the Antecubital Fossa, which is the inside of the elbow. In this region, phlebotomists will usually decide between three veins including the median cubital vein, the cephalic vein, and the basilic vein. If all of these veins in the inside elbow area do not look promising, then the phlebotomy technician may choose a dorsal vein in the hand or worst case, a vein in the foot. Semi-common problems include improper blood flow from the vein, which causes phlebotomists to switch sites.

PhlebotomyU offers venipuncture courses

Our CPT1 5-week course emphasizes proper venipuncture training. An on-site sitting of the NCCT National Phlebotomy Certification Exam is included with the training program. Furthermore, certified radiologic technicians in California are require to take a 10-hour safe venipuncture training course in order to safely perform venipuncture for administering contrast x-rays. We have created a didactic course that allows radiologic technicians to safely and legally perform venipuncture in California. Still wondering about the topic of “what does venipuncture mean?” Or are you considering enrolling in a phlebotomy class with PhlebotomyU and have questions? Don’t hesitate to contact us today.

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.